Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis

A diagnosis of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis in children is often confusing and overwhelming to both parents and the affected children. The fact is nearly 50,000 children in the US suffer from this condition, which may cause long term damage if not treated early.

Arthritis in general occurs due to inflammation of the joints. The inflammation of the joints in children below 16 years and causing arthritis like symptoms is referred to as juvenile rheumatoid arthritis.

Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis Causes

Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis is an auto immune disorder, where the body’s immune system attacks the normal healthy joint tissues and causes inflammation and swelling. Exactly why the immune system flares up thus is not known and therefore, the disease is also referred to as juvenile idiopathic arthritis, indicating that the cause is unknown.

Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis Symptoms

The most obvious symptoms of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis include swelling or redness around the joints particularly, the knees, elbow and shoulders, accompanied by pain. Be alert whether your child is experiencing stiffness in the joints, usually manifested as a limp particularly when he wakes up in the morning or after a nap.  In cases, where arthritis is more systemic in nature, it may also cause fever and rash. Visit the doctor if pain, swelling and stiffness of joints persist for more than a week and particularly if accompanied by rash and /or fever.

Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis Prognosis

While itis rarely life threatening, the condition can considerably impact the quality of life in children. Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis prognosis is associated with depressive tendencies due to the inability of the child to participate in normal age appropriate physical activities.

One type of this condition, pauciarticular juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, typically affects fewer than 5 joints and targets the larger joints such as the hip, elbow, shoulder and knee. Commonly affecting children below 8 years, the prognosis for this condition includes inflammatory eye problems and increased risk of developing some form of arthritis in adult life.

Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis Treatment

The juvenile rheumatoid arthritis treatment should include a comprehensive approach aimed at not only relieving the physical symptoms like pain and swelling, but should also address the associated emotional issues and help the child lead as normal a life as possible. To this end, often counseling sessions are also recommended in conjunction with medical treatment and physical therapy.

Drugs commonly used in juvenile rheumatoid arthritis treatment include non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents and steroids. In severe cases newer categories of medications such as disease modifying antirheumatic drugs (methotrexate) and immune suppressants (abatacept) may be used. In extremely severe cases, your doctor may recommend surgical juvenile rheumatoid arthritis treatment.

Ways to Increase Testosterone

In endocrinology, the study of endocrine glands and their secretions, testosterone is known as one of the most important hormones in the body. It is responsible for physical and sexual features of the male. However, there are some instances in which the production of testosterone in the male is lower than expected and this can seriously affect the sexual life and even health of the male in question. This becomes even more important in the face of the fact that testosterone production declines with age. Many older man and women are beginning to take testosterone supplements.

Fortunately, there are various measures that can be taken to ensure that there is a spike in the production of this all-important male hormone. One of the most popular and highly-effective ways of increasing testosterone production is to take certain herbal derivatives, many of which have been shown to be very good in this aspect. The Tribulus terrestris is a very good example of such natural substances that can be taken. The mode and route of administration will depend on the method of preparation used.

Apart from the use of herbal extracts and plant derivatives, testosterone level can be elevated by ensuring that one engages in regular physical exercise. This is owing to the fact that an increased muscle bulk stimulates peripheral production of testosterone. In addition to these measures, the inclusion of certain nutrients and minerals in the regular diet has been recommended as one of the ways to increase hormonal production in males.

Of these minerals, zinc is one particular element that is often cited. Zinc is very important for many metabolic reactions in the body and is used in the treatment of erectile dysfunction and impotence. Generally, proteinous foods like beef and seafood contain zinc and are good for men with low testosterone production..

Valerian Extract Side Effects

Valerian in capsule form

Even though herbs are natural, when they are used as remedies they are still considered medicines. Like medicines, they can cause side effects. However, side effects are generally infrequent. Being aware of the possibility of side effects is especially important when using an herb for the first time. Always discontinue use immediately if you experience any negative reaction.

Valerian has been used for centuries to treat various conditions. It is considered safe in recommended amounts for healthy adults who are not taking other sedatives. Some research done showed no harmful effects if used during pregnancy, but it is still advised that it be avoided by pregnant or nursing women.

It is on the Food and Drug Administration’s list of herbs generally regarded as safe. Germany’s Commission E has approved valerian as a mild sedative. It considers the tea very safe and recommends drinking it up to several times a day for nervousness, anxiety and restlessness.

Some allergic reactions to valerian have been reported, but they are a rare occurence. Like with any medicine, responses are varied in different people. Some have reported feelings of sedation from just a low dose, while in a few people, it produced a stimulant effect resulting in increased anxiety and restlessness.

Valerian extract can cause drowsiness. Caution is advised when driving or operating machinery. It is considered non-habit forming, unlike many prescriptions for sleep and anxiety. However, if you convince yourself that you can’t sleep without it, psychological addiction can occur. Withdrawal symptoms are rare but may occur after long periods of use. Headache, irritability, rapid heartbeat and insomnia have been reported with sudden cessation of use. When discontinuing use, it is best to gradually lower the dose, rather than stopping it abruptly.

Using the recommended dosage of any medicine is important. Using excessively large amounts can lead to side effects. Headache, blurred vision, restlessness, nausea and morning grogginess have been reported with the use of large amounts of valerian extract. It is recommended that it be taken in small doses throughout the day. The use of valerian on a continual basis may cause headaches. This can be avoided by discontinuing use for a few days every two weeks or so.

Do not use valerian with any other medications or if you have an existing unrelated health problem, without first discussing it with your healthcare provider. It may increase the effects of other sedatives and alcohol. Valerian is broken down in the body by liver enzymes. For this reason it may cause an interaction with other medications that are also broken down by these enzymes.

No reports of toxicity from valerian have been clearly identified. Overall, it has a very high level of safety, supported by extensive research.

Knowing the Antibiotics Used to Treat Acne

Facial blemishes and other dermal issues affect people the most during their teenage years or at other times when hormonal changes are at their peak. There are various forms of interventions for this kind of problem, ranging from the natural skin care products to the artificial.

If the nodules or comedones prove to be severe and widespread, medical solutions may be used in order to address the affected person’s beauty problem effectively, such as the use of antibiotics.


This remedy complements other topical acne-fighting topical substances well and is typically used in tandem with one other product. It can inhibit bacterial causes of pimples and other blemishes and reduce their occurrence. It is available in both oral and topical form, with the latter being the most widely used. It is typically applied twice a day to affected areas of the face and body.


This is another antibiotic frequently used to treat acne and has a good anti-inflammatory aspect. It is also a good substitute medication for those allergic to penicillin. It can minimise redness and kill bacteria as well. However, it has been reported that there is an increased occurrence of resistance to the microorganism that causes the facial cystic growths to develop. When this happens to the patient, another kind of treatment may be prescribed.


This is considered the solution that most dermatologists recommend. This may be taken orally or applied topically as well. Minocycline, used to treat pustular acne, is a derivative of this kind of antibiotic.

Generally, these substances help minimise sebum production and sterilise the skin of bacteria that triggers the eruption of blemishes. These are also recommended for those having severe dermal conditions. Otherwise, skin care products that contain substances like glycolic or salicylic acid will suffice.

As usual, the use of antibacterials should be done as advised by the medical practitioner. Side effects, like yeast infections, vomiting, nausea, dizziness, and intestinal issues, should be reported to the dermatologist immediately so that proper intervention will be recommended. Typically, the use of these substances may cause hypersensitivity to solar rays, thus, it is advised that the patient use sunscreen on the affected areas and avoid sun exposure for longer durations.

3 Healthy Ways to Lower Blood Pressure

Hypertension is a common ailment amongst people today, such that a host of different pills and other expensive medical treatments have been developed and made available for those with acute cases. However, rather than control your body through purely chemical means, there are a variety of natural ways to lower your blood pressure. In today’s article we are going to take a look at three different varieties, though you should always ensure that you are still getting the proper medical attention you need and not simply relying on these methods.

The first method of lowering your blood pressure is to simply exercise more. Though this might seem obvious, it has perhaps the most profound impact on your blood pressure and can also deliver a host of other physical benefits that will do wonders for extending your lifespan and the quality of your life. If you have high blood pressure you should choose your form of exercise carefully and the time of day when you exercise, since extreme or intense exercise coupled with heat can prove dangerous. Instead opt for low intensity exercise that feels comfortable, and then attempt to do at least thirty minutes a day.

Second, and this is a natural follow-on from the first, attempt to lose weight. If you are obese or simply overweight, losing some extra pounds can really help you get your blood pressure under control. Research has consistently shown that losing weight can have a huge impact on your blood pressure, as you cardiovascular system no longer has to work as hard to pump blood throughout your whole body. Losing weight can be enough to drop your blood pressure, and in some cases may even be sufficient to control it completely.

Finally, if you are a smoker, you should quit. Research has also shown that those who smoke cigarettes or any other kind can experience temporary spikes in blood pressure as a result of the nicotine. While smoking itself is not associated strongly with chronic blood pressure, it is strongly associated with habits that do cause a rise in pressure such as becoming over weight or excessive consumption of alcohol. For that reason quitting smoking is an excellent way to not only control trigger habits that might cause you to raise your pressure, but also help your health improve in a variety of other profound ways that make quitting worth it.